This Pepper Tree is found in the courtyard of an historic courtyard, now part of the Pepper Tree Restaurant. It is 10m tall, with a trunk girth of 6.4m, and a canopy spread of 16m. Believed to be planted before 1881, it is a grand and beautiful tree of sizeable proportions.
The Pepper Tree or Peppercorn Tree (Schinus ariera, syn. Schinus molle) belongs to the Anarcardiaceae family, from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay. It grows to a height of 6 to 15 metres and is a graceful tree with pendant branches. It was planted for its spice, known as pink peppercorn. In South Australia it is a ‘Proclaimed Plant’ meaning it has been declared as a threat to agriculture and the environment. Yet it is still very commonly found in old primary schools, especially in rural areas. It is one of several ‘early settler’ choices of tree. It is slow-growing and long-lived. It makes an attractive street tree, garden tree, and is valued for its dense shade. It grows to a height of 10m and has a widely spreading canopy.